Indigenous People (Adivasis) and industries in Sundargarh

Adivasis represent around 50% of the total district population. They are traditionally farmers and food gatherers. Sundargarh district has important forest and mineral resources, which is attracting massive investments in differ-ent sectors: mines (dolomite, and limestone), cement works, steel and aluminum industries, power plants and many other subsidiary industries. For example Rourkela, known as the “steel city”, with as many as 49 steel sponge factories. Establishment of those industries are affecting adivasis‟ lives : displacement, deforestation, air and water pollution, groundwater drying out are a few examples.
All over Orissa, tribals are fighting against damaging industrial projects, some-times succeeding, and sometimes not. In August 2010, Indian Ministry of Envi-ronment and Forests rejected the project of refinery expansion of Vedanta, a UK-based mining company, as it was not in conformity with environmental laws. In April 2011, the same ministry gave his authorization to a project of Posco to establish a new steel plant. The local government will allocate 1200 ha of for-est to this South-Korean company, which would mean the loss of livelihood of 2000 farmers (according to Amnesty International).

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